The Galactic and Extra-Galactic All-Sky MWA Extended Survey


The GLEAM-X survey covers the entire sky south of Dec +30, using the extended configuration of the MWA, as described in Wayth et al. 2018. A description of the science motivations and survey methodology for GLEAM will be found in Hurley-Walker et al. (in prep). As in the original GLEAM survey, the sky has been divided into seven drift scans in declination and five frequency ranges as summarised below. The declinations are chosen such that the peak in the primary beam response for a given setting corresponds approximately to the half power point of the neighbouring beam along the meridian at 150 MHz. The instantaneous frequency coverage of the MWA is 30.72 MHz, so the frequency range between 72 and 231 MHz is divided into five bands that provide near contiguous coverage, but avoid the band around 137 MHz that is contaminated by satellite interference.

The observing is executed as a series of four-week-long campaigns where a single declination setting is observed in a night, covering a strip approximately 10 to 12 hours in length, depending on the time of year. The Sun can be bright and time-variable at MWA frequencies, so drift scan observations are only performed at night. Within a night, the observing is broken into a series of 120 s scans for each frequency, cycling through all five frequency settings over 10 minutes. Within a scan, typically 108 s of usable data are collected. Every 2 hours throughout the night, a calibration field is observed over all five frequency settings, again as a set of 120 s scans totalling 10 minutes. Each declination strip will receive two meridian drift scans (HA=0), one at HA=+1, and one at HA=-1, to improve (u,v)-coverage and sensitivity.


GLEAM-X observing began in January 2018 and final observations are planned for Q3 2022. We plan to release both continuum and polarisation studies using the GLEAM-X data.

The survey description paper is available on arXiv and will be published in PASA in coming weeks. Our first data release will shortly be available via AAO Data Central.

If you’d like to read about the unusual long-period radio transient we discovered in GLEAM-X, you can find the paper here.

For Astronomers

GLEAM-X is still being observed and processed. Check back here for updates on survey progress as they come in! In the meantime, check out the original GLEAM survey.

To join the team or work on pre-release GLEAM-X data, please contact Natasha Hurley-Walker via

As per the MWA large project policy, any member of the MWA collaboration can access raw GLEAM-X data for their science. This can be downloaded from the MWA node of the All-Sky Virtual Observatory.

Comparison to other surveys

Survey NameFrequency RangeSensitivityAngular resolutionSky area
(MHz)(mJy/beam)(arcsec)(sq deg)
GLEAM-X72 – 2311 – 2~4530,000
GLEAM72 – 2316 – 10~10030,000
MSSS-LBA30 – 74~15~10020,000
MSSS-HBA120 – 160~5~4520,000
TGSS1502 – 52537,000
MWACS120 – 18050~1806,100
Pointing Declinations (deg) -72, -55, -40.5, -26.7, -13, +1.6, +18.3
Pointing HAs (hours)0, -1, 1
RA ranges (hours)4 to 21 (2018-A); 17 to 8 (2019-B)
Central Frequencies (MHz)87.68, 118.4, 154.24, 184.96, 215.68
Frequency resolution (kHz)10
Time resolution (s)0.5
Be Informed

Findings worth tuning into

MWA astronomers are leading the way at low frequencies – read up on the latest news.